Objective: to develop skills for a healthy lifestyle.
1. To improve children’s ability to wash their hands properly.
2. To cultivate a positive attitude towards cultural and hygienic habits,
3. To correlate the child’s knowledge of body culture and psychohygiene with his/her actual self-care actions, and to strengthen personal attitudes toward body and soul culture.
Course of the event.
2. Introductory talk.
October 15, 2009 was the first Clean Hands Day. On this new date, UN experts reminded that simply washing hands with soap and water can greatly reduce the spread of infectious diseases. UN Children’s Fund – released a disappointing figure: 3.5 million children worldwide die of infectious diseases every year. Children are extremely susceptible to diseases caused by poor hygiene. Our health depends on the quality of hand washing, and in the modern world it is so important to monitor our health and do everything possible not to spoil it.
UN experts warn that it is regular hand washing that saves thousands of children’s lives every day. The problem of lack of hygiene is especially acute for the inhabitants of Asia and Africa and, in particular, is the cause of high child mortality from infectious diseases. Through unwashed hands germs of cholera, hepatitis, viral pneumonia, influenza and acute respiratory diseases enter the body. Thus, such a simple procedure as hand washing can protect us from many diseases, which are especially dangerous in the autumn and winter, when the body is significantly weakened.
WHY WASH YOUR HANDS
We live in a world of countless different germs. Almost everywhere we go and no matter what we do, we inevitably “collect” disease-causing microbes on our hands. And this is especially dangerous, because, according to scientists, most often people get sick just by picking up the infection through hand contact – by touching the handrails in the bus, the railing in the stairwell, the carts in stores. It is enough, after that, to touch the mucous membrane of the nose or eyes and pathogens can get into a healthy body…. Moreover, now, when the weather forces us to spend more time indoors, where viruses are easily transmitted from one person to another, our body is especially susceptible to infections.
By the way, according to many scientists, to catch the disease “by hand” is possible not only on public transport or on the street, but even at school! Some time ago foreign virologists managed to prove that one of the most dangerous sources of disease spreading is the computer mouse that we use every day. It also turned out that 47% of computers and 45% of phones have influenza viruses.
Hand hygiene is especially important for those who have an active lifestyle and are constantly in society – students, schoolchildren, teachers and service providers.
First of all, we should remember that the most dangerous infectious diseases are illnesses that enter our body from the environment. As a rule, their carriers are microbes, microscopic organisms that develop in “dirty” conditions. They multiply quickly on dirty hands, but die on clean skin within literally five minutes. In ancient times, when people were often struck by epidemics, many were saved by the fact that the elementary standards of hygiene.
Our body itself is well protected, and the most vulnerable part of it – is the gastrointestinal tract. It is through eating food with dirty hands that intestinal infections, salmonellosis, staphylococcus and even such dangerous diseases as dysentery, hepatitis and typhoid fever develop. It is noteworthy that the greatest likelihood of contracting intestinal infections exists with residents of large metropolitan areas – the dirty atmosphere, difficult environmental conditions, running water – all this is the reason for the rapid spread of germs. Even one touch of an unclean surface (a bill, a toy, a simple handshake) is enough to put a child at risk. But elementary soap and hot water will save your child from most of these dangers – a minute’s procedure is enough, and the problem is over
DISEASES FROM DIRTY HANDS
From early childhood, every child is taught that hands should be washed before eating, coming in from the street, after using the restroom and when it’s dirty. But, in spite of the fact that everyone is familiar with these commonplace truths, statistics show that almost 90% of Russians don’t wash their hands every time, even before they sit down to eat. And this in turn is the main cause of acute intestinal infections.
Intestinal infections often occur unexpectedly and disrupt all plans, as they usually proceed in acute forms with unpleasant symptoms. And medics are sure that their cause is precisely the lack of sanitation and disregard for personal hygiene. Moreover, the chances to catch an unpleasant disease increases many times over, if you allow yourself to eat stale food or unwashed products.
Pathogenic microbes live in a variety of places, they are perfectly happy on money bills, telephone hands, doorknobs, computer keyboards, handrails in public transport and other objects that are used often and a lot of people. In addition, the vectors of bacteria are insects, for example, a fly on its legs can carry up to 30,000 dangerous microorganisms. But this is not all the trouble, intestinal infections can be of viral nature and transmitted to humans by airborne droplets. Today, medicine knows more than 30 infections dangerous to health, including salmonellosis, dysentery, cholera and typhoid fever.
3. Practical work.
Handwashing techniques include washing hands with warm water and soap or using an alcohol-based disinfectant. Antimicrobial wipes are as effective as soap and water, but are inferior in their cleaning properties to alcohol-based disinfectants.
Proper hand washing involves the following steps.
– Moisten your hands with warm running water and apply liquid soap or use a bar of soap.
– Rub your hands vigorously for at least 15-20 seconds.
– Rub all surfaces, including the back of the hands, wrists, between the fingers and under the nails, and use a special brush if necessary.
– Rinse your hands well with running water.
– Wipe your hands with a clean or disposable towel.
– Use a tissue to turn off the faucet.
Unfortunately, it’s impossible to keep open hands free of bacteria, but at the same time, each of us can limit the spread of bacteria, viruses and other germs through our hands.
Always wash your hands:
– After going to the bathroom;
– After exercising;
– After talking on the phone;
– After riding in a vehicle;
– After walking;
– After contact with animals and animal waste;
– Before and after cooking food;
– Before meals;
– After you sneeze or cough on your hands;
– Before and after handling wounds or cuts;
– Before and after contact with a sick or injured person;
– After contact with garbage;
– Before inserting or removing contact lenses;
– After visiting public toilets.
4. Class Outcome.