- Which ancient Greek scientist was the first to suggest that the Earth is spherical?
a) Socrates; b) Plato; c) Pythagoras; d) Democritus.
- The Earth’s path around the Sun is called:
a) an orbit; b) an ellipse; c) an axis; d) a revolution.
- Horizontals are lines of equal:
a) temperatures; b) heights; c) atmospheric pressure values; d) depths.
- The named scale “in 1 cm 1 km” corresponds to the numerical scale:
a) 1 : 100; b) 1 : 1,000; c) 1 : 10,000; d) 1 : 100,000.
- The highest waterfall in the world falls from a height of 1054 meters. Name it if its coordinates are 6°N. 61°W. (________________).
- The composition of the lithosphere includes:
a) core, mantle, crust; b) lower mantle, middle mantle, upper mantle, crust; c) middle mantle, upper mantle, crust; d) upper mantle, crust.
- Rocks formed by the cooling of mantle material are called:
a) volcanic; b) igneous; c) deep; d) metamorphic.
- As you ascend a mountain, the temperature of the air decreases with each kilometer:
a) decreases by 1°C; b) decreases by 6°C; c) increases by 1°C; d) does not change.
- Solve the problem: The temperature at the airport in the city of Sochi is +26°C. An airplane took off and headed for Moscow. Determine the altitude at which the plane is flying if the temperature outside is -12 ° C.
- The main reason why the water cycle occurs in nature is:
a) human economic activity; b) meteorite falling; c) solar energy; d) melting of glaciers.
- Identify the geographic coordinates of an object on a map of the hemispheres: Cameroon volcano (Africa).
- The circumference of the globe is approximately:
a) 37,500 km b) 40,000 km c) 47,000 km d) 5050 km
- The imaginary straight line passing through the center of the Earth around which the Earth rotates is called:
a) the pole b) the equator c) the Earth’s axis d) all statements are true
- Fill in the free cells of the table (write your answer on the sheet a, b, c).
a) in 1 cm 7 km b) 1 : 15 000 000 c) in 1 cm 120 km
- In 1856, English traveler D. Livingstone discovered a remarkable site. Find it on the map at the coordinates 18°S 26°E.
- How is the oceanic crust different from the continental crust?
a) temperature; b) thickness; c) moisture content; e) hardness.
- Where are centers of volcanoes located?
a) in the lower mantle; b) in the middle mantle; c) in the upper mantle; d) in the Earth’s crust.
- Which gas dominates the atmosphere?
a) oxygen b) hydrogen c) nitrogen d) water vapor
- Temperature amplitude is the difference between:
a) maximum temperature and average temperature; b) maximum temperature and minimum temperature; c) minimum and average temperature; d) none of the above.
- Solve the problem. The height of the main building of Moscow State University on the Sparrow Hills in Moscow is 237 meters. What is the atmospheric pressure at its spire, if at the base of the building it is 745 mm?
- The hydrosphere does not include:
a) rivers b) seas c) clouds d) groundwater
- Determine the geographic coordinates of an object from a hemispheric map: McKinley (North America)