Theme: Case study #1. “Marking hydrosphere objects on the contour map”.
Goal: to strengthen knowledge of the geographical location of large hydrological objects of the Earth; using the rules of work with outline maps, learn to find and mark objects of geographical nomenclature.
Hydrosphere: the Earth’s water shell, which is made up of the World Ocean, land water and atmospheric water.
World Ocean is the main part of hydrosphere, uninterrupted water space of the Earth located outside the land. The area of the World Ocean is 361 million km (71% of the Earth’s surface).
Sea – part of the ocean, separated from it by land, elevations or islands, distinguished by the properties of water, currents and marine organisms.
A gulf is a part of the ocean, sea, or lake, deeply cut into the land, which has water exchange with the main part of the body of water and gradually decreasing in width and depth.
A strait is a relatively narrow strip of water that divides land areas and connects water basins or their parts. The longest strait in the world is the Strait of Mozambique, separating the island of Madagascar from Africa, and the widest – the Drake Passage, connecting the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans.
Sea (ocean) currents are constant horizontal movements of water in the oceans and seas. Warm currents carry water with a higher temperature than the surrounding waters, and cold currents carry water with a lower temperature.
Doing practical exercises.
Course of work.
Task 1: Find the following objects in the atlas and sign them on the outline map of the hemispheres.
Oceans: Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic.
Inland seas: Mediterranean, Marmara Sea, Black Sea, Azov Sea, White Sea, Baltic Sea, Red Sea, Yellow Sea;
Marginal Seas: Sea of Okhotsk, Sea of Japan, Barents Sea, Caribbean Sea, Kara Sea, Chukchi Sea
Inter-island seas: Philippine Sea.
Kerch, Bosporus, Gibraltar, Magellan, Drake, Bering, Tartar, Mozambique.
Biscayne, Bengal, Persia, Mexico, Guinea.
West Winds, Gulf Stream, Labrador, North Atlantic, Peruvian, Curocio, North Passage, South Passage.
II. Locate on a physical map of the world and sign on a contour map of the hemispheres
Nile, Amazon, Danube, Yangtze, Mississippi, Congo, Ob, Yenisei, Lena, Amur, Angara, Dnieper.
Baikal, Caspian, Aral, Balkhash, Elton, Baskunchak, Ladoga, Onega, Dead Sea, Great American Lakes, Victoria, Tanganyika, Nyasa, Chad, Titicaca.
III. Locate on a physical map of the world and sign on a contour map of the hemispheres
Great Britain, Greenland, Madagascar, New Guinea, Hawaii, Kuril Islands, Sakhalin, Tasmania, Great Barrier Reef, Maldives, Canary Islands, Baffin Land, Great Sunda Islands, Great Antilles.
Arabian, Crimean, Appenine, Hindustan, Indochina, Labrador, Scandinavian, Somali, Taymyr, Kamchatka, Korea.
Depression: Mariana (11,022 m).