Goal: formation of elementary ideas about financial literacy.
Educational: to form elementary ideas about the concept of money, coin, purse, piggy bank, bank card seller, shopping, store.
Developing: develop visual memory, fine motor skills
Educational: to bring up careful attitude to money, friendly attitude to each other.
Materials: toy paper banknotes, plastic coins, money-box, toy ATM, attributes for role-playing game “Shop”.
Preliminary work: conversation about the importance of money in people’s lives, acquaintance with paper bills and coins, role-playing and didactic games.
Course of the lesson
– What time of year is it outside?
– What is the weather like right now?
-The sun is shining and it is warm outside.
1. Surprise moment (phone call)
– My phone rang.
– Who is talking? (doll Dasha).
– What happened?
– Are you sick, won’t you come to kindergarten?
– Thank you for calling and warning me. I wish you a speedy recovery.
2. Problem situation.
– Guys! Dasha’s doll is sick. I know how to help her so that she can get well soon. She needs to eat more fruit. Especially in spring. Because fruit has a lot of vitamins, and it’s good for her health. Where can we get them?
– Buy them at the store.
– Guys, in order to buy something at the store we will need money (showing pictures of coins and paper bills).
Paper money is called “bills” and iron money is called “coins” (I show pictures).
Guys, money is an object with which you can buy anything. For example, you can buy a T-shirt for a few bills, and you can buy bread for a few coins. Money is given to people for their labor – it is a wage. So that everyone can buy what they need.
-I don’t have any money. Do you have any?
– But that’s not a problem, you can always earn it. We need to do all the tasks, for each task we will get coins, with which we will buy fruit for the doll.
II Main part.
1. Play “Put paper money into purses and coins into money-boxes”.
There is a big beautiful napkin on the table (underneath there are paper bills, coins, money-boxes and a bank card).
The children together with the teacher come to the table. It is covered with a napkin. The children do not know what is under this napkin. We remove the napkin and see paper bills, piggy bank coins, and a bank card on the table.
Educator: Your task is to put the paper money in the wallet and the coins in the moneyboxes.
-We will save the coins for the next purchase.
-With the paper money we will go to the store to buy fruit.
(After the children have put all the paper money in their wallets, the teacher gives each one a paper bill.)
– Well done, children, you have done your task. You all have money to go to the store to buy fruit.
-What is a bank card doing on the table?
-Misha, you don’t have any money.
-Did you get a bank card? That’s okay. Let’s go to the ATM and get the money. The other kids will watch and learn how to use the bank card and ATM. You have all gone to the savings bank sometimes with your parents or seen your parents withdraw money from an ATM when there is no money available.
2. “The role-playing game “ATM”.
Objective: To show how to withdraw money from a cash machine correctly.
Teacher: (the child performs the actions and the teacher controls).
-Rightly insert the card.
-Enter the pin code.
-Press the button to withdraw cash.
-Enter the dignity of the bill.
-Take the card.
-Take the money from the ATM.
-You guys are so good! You did the task. And for that, you get a paper bill. You all have money.
– You are tired, let’s have a physical minute and remember what is sold in the store.
3. Physical minute.
The store sells (stretch out your arms in front of you and march).
Yogurt, milk, kefir, (put your left and right fingers together).
Ryazenka, sour cream, cheese, (alternately starting with little fingers, at the word “cheese” clap your hands together)
Tea, candy, chocolate, (squat)
Apples and grapes. (The wrists of both hands touch each other tightly)
Children’s ball in the store (jump)
They sell in a big basket. (fingers in a lock and stretch out in front of you)
I have to buy important things, (wagging his finger)
To be economical (rub his thumb against his other fingers).
4. Role-playing game “store”.
– Children, who knows what is the name of the person who sells in the store?
– A salesman!
– Guys, when we come to the store, we first choose what we want to buy, then we prepare money and only then does the salesperson give us the goods.
– Guys, we don’t have much time left, let’s go together to the store and buy fruit for our doll Dasha.
– My name is Natasha, the seller. You, have come for gifts?
– Then let’s exchange money for fruit, you give me money and I’ll give you fruit.
(Children exchange money for fruit.)
– Guys all have fruit.
– Then let’s go to our doll Dasha’s house.
Children together with the teacher come to visit doll Dasha’s home to check on her.
– Doll Dasha, here’s some fruit for you, eat it, it has a lot of vitamins.
– Get well soon, we are waiting for you in kindergarten.
– Thank you very much for coming to see me.
– And now let’s all drink tea.
Summary of the lesson.
Questions for children:
– What new things have you learned today?
– What is money?
– What kind of money is there?
– What is money for?
III Concluding part.
– Did you guys enjoy the game?
– What did you like in particular?
– I liked the way you played with me. – Thank you so much!