Objectives of the meeting:
1. To discuss the causes of learning difficulties that arise in a junior high school student and to identify how they can be prevented and overcome.
2. To teach parents how to make children accustomed to doing their homework accurately.
Participants: the class teacher, parents, school psychologist.
Form: an information talk.
Organization of the parents’ meeting:
– preparation of invitations for parents;
– the teacher’s study of the psychological and pedagogical literature on the topic of the meeting;
– inviting the school psychologist;
– organization of an exhibition of books to help the parents;
– preparation of the cards with tips for the parents.
PROCESS OF THE MEETING
I. Opening address of the class teacher
– Dear Parents! Learning at school is one of the most important, most difficult and responsible moments in the life of children. Your child’s life changes: everything is subordinated to learning, school, school affairs and worries. And each of you wants children to be independent and successful in their main activity – learning.
In the dictionary of the Russian language SI. Ozhegov word “success” is considered in three meanings: as luck in achieving something, as social recognition and as good results in work, study and other kinds of socially useful activities.
Pedagogues, psychologists and parents strive to do everything possible to make the education of junior schoolchildren successful, so that every child in his learning activities achieves the best possible results.
From the axiom: “Any pedagogical influence is successful if it takes into account the child’s needs.
Consider the most important of these needs.
1. The student wants to acquire new knowledge in school. “
2. The student wants self-affirmation, recognition from adults.
3. As children grow older, they begin to understand that school prepares them for adult life. And that the better they will be able to meet the challenges that society will present to them, the more thorough knowledge they acquire now.
Do we always consider these needs of children in our educational work? And we must remember that “every pedagogical action will be successful only if it takes into account the needs of children.
Should we help the child learn? Certainly, yes. Let’s try to use the following in our work with the child.
II. Speech of a school psychologist.
Your child is learning something. The general result will consist of several private results. Let’s name four of them.
(The following are the outcomes listed.)
1. The most obvious is the knowledge he or she will gain or the skill he or she will master.
2. The less obvious result is the training of the general ability to learn, that is, to teach oneself.
3. The result is the emotional consequence of the class: satisfaction or disappointment, confidence or insecurity in one’s abilities.
4. Result – trace of your relationship with him/her, if you participated in the class. Here the result can be either positive (you were satisfied with each other) or negative (the piggy bank of mutual dissatisfaction is replenished).
Remember. Parents are in danger of being guided only by the first result (learned? Learned?). Do not forget about the other three under any circumstances. They are much more important.
For the child of primary school age is very important is the attitude of adults. In many ways, the opinion of parents and teachers determines a child’s self-esteem, forms a sense of self-confidence, and affects the level of anxiety. That’s why your support, interest and attention to his affairs and problems are so important to the child.
Do we often wonder why learning is not associated with the joy of learning, does not cause interest and does not serve the development of abilities? Do we remember in the pursuit of good grades that lessons through force, at the strict demand of an adult inhibit the development of a child’s creative abilities? We ask him daily what he got today. We praise and approve him for good marks and are not interested at all in what the child has learned new things, what he learned, what he is particularly interested in. No one remembers the joy of learning!
We adults need to take into account the child’s individuality, his peculiarities and abilities, to know his pace of work, to observe his growth and development. Think about it: maybe you need to reconsider something in relation to his training sessions, to the organization of his homework, the nature and content of his assessment of his learning progress?
Let me remind you of another feature of the younger students: any work he has to do “on the success. Therefore, it is so important to support even the smallest results, especially if the pupil showed independence, patience and persistence.
III. Message from the class teacher.
“How to Help Your Child Learn Well”.
In order to keep a child’s desire to learn and desire for knowledge, it is necessary to teach him or her to study well.
All parents dream that their children do well in school. But some parents believe that, having sent the child to school, you can breathe a sigh of relief: now all the problems associated with learning, should solve the school. Of course, the school is not giving up its responsibilities. It is a matter not only of the school, but also the parents. We, the teachers, explain to children the techniques of work, and how the child has learned these techniques, how he uses them, and whether he uses them at all, is out of sight of the teacher. And parents have a full opportunity to control their child. They can give the help which the teacher can’t.
In this case cooperation of parents and the teacher, coordination of their actions acquires special importance.
It is at the initial stage of learning that parents should take care of their child as much as possible. Their task is to teach how to learn properly. That is why I bring the question “How to help your child to study well?
The efforts of family and school in solving this problem – are united. Help
children should be effective, competent and should go in three
– The organization of the daily routine; , .
– control over the performance of homework;
– Accustoming children to independence.
Organization of the daily routine.
The organization of the daily routine allows a child to:
– cope with the learning load more easily;
– protects the nervous system from overwork, i.e. strengthens health. Poor health is a reason for failure.
So accustom children to compliance with the daily routine, proper nutrition, ensure that in the morning the child does morning exercises, was engaged in sports, was out in the fresh air at least 3.5 hours.
The exact schedule of activities – is the basis of any work. It is necessary to include in the daily routine of household chores (buying bread, washing dishes, taking out the trash, etc.). They can be few, but it is necessary that children do their duties constantly. A child who is accustomed to such duties will not have to be reminded to clean his things, wash the dishes, etc.
It is absolutely necessary that the daily routine should include reading books. Preferably at the same time.
A well-read student develops faster, faster
masters the skills of literate writing, more easily copes with the solution of problems.
It is good if you ask them to retell what they have read (a story, a fairy tale). In doing so, adults will be able to correct speech errors, mispronounced words. In this way children will learn to express their thoughts.
An important issue in the organization of the daily routine is the organization of leisure time. It is important not to leave your child unsupervised, but to give them the opportunity to do their favorite activities in their free time.
Particular attention should be paid to spending time outdoors (up to 3.5 hours a day), because children have a great need for movement. In the group – 1,5-2 hours. At home – 1.5-2 hours.
It is necessary to organize sleep properly. A daytime nap is 1 hour. (If the child does not sleep, is overexcited, let him lie down and listen to a story.)
You should go to bed at 21 o’clock. A good, restful sleep is the foundation of health.
Make sure that after dinner, the child was not overexcited, did not watch “scary movies”, did not play noisy games. All this will affect sleep, on the child’s well-being. It is a good idea to take a 30-40 minute walk before going to bed.
If the child is asleep, make sure that the TV and radio are not loud. Turn off the light and speak more softly. Often parents go along with their children, put up with the caprices of the child: children participate in feasts, go to bed late. This is unacceptable. You need to be firm here.
You have to remember that now you have a student, and do not interfere with him. Often parents don’t notice that they disturb their children: they talk loudly, turn on the TV. Sometimes parents do the children’s homework for them. In this case, morality suffers. Children get used to lies and hypocrisy.
You should not forget that because of their age pupils poorly switch from one type of work to another. For example, if the child sits down to draw, his parents send him to the store. It is necessary to give time for switching. Otherwise internal reluctance may be accompanied by rudeness. Remember: any unreasonable switching from one type of work to another can develop a bad habit – not to bring matters to an end.
2. Direction of help – control over performance of homework.
Control should be systematic, and not from time to time and not limited to questions: What marks?
After an affirmative answer parents go about their business without controlling their children.
Some parents do not control their children at all, explaining it by lack of time, busyness. As a result, children do not learn the material, the work is done sloppily, dirty, the gaps begin to accumulate, which can lead to intellectual passivity of the child. He does not understand the teacher’s questions, his comrades’ answers. He becomes uninterested in the lesson, he does not try to work mentally, and unwillingness to strain mentally develops into a habit, i.e. intellectual passivity develops. Which leads to a child’s unwillingness to learn. Therefore, assistance to children should be provided in a timely manner. Otherwise, gaps in knowledge will accumulate, and then it will be simply impossible to eliminate them. Consequently, control should be constant, daily, especially in elementary school.
As much demanding as possible to the children and as much respect as possible. The control should be unobtrusive and tactful.
At first, the little pupil needs your help in reminding him or her of his or her lessons, and maybe even sitting with him or her while he or she does them. Those first school steps are extremely important: perhaps his entire school life depends on them.
It is very important to control not just the end product of their work, but the process itself, i.e. it is important not just to control the result of the work, but to control how the child did the work, to help him overcome difficulties in his work!
It would be good if you inquired about what the child studied at school today; how he or she understood the material; how he or she can explain, prove the actions he or she performed.
When working with children it is important not to coach them in individual skills, but to teach them to think for themselves, to analyze, to prove, to ask for your advice and help.
Control is the organization of help to eliminate any gaps, difficulties.
It is typical for younger schoolchildren that they do something first, and then they think. Therefore it is necessary to accustom children to planning the work to be done.
For example, when solving a problem, it is necessary to:
” read the problem, imagine what it says; briefly write down the condition, the scheme;
“Explain what each number means, repeat the question of the problem; think about whether it is possible to answer the question of the problem; if not, why not;
“Make a plan for solving the problem;
to check the solution;
“Write down the solution in a notebook.
When doing an exercise in Russian language, it is necessary:
* repeat the rules;
“* read the exercises and repeat what needs to be done; * read the exercise and do all the exercises orally; do the exercises in writing; check the work.
A very important point is to develop the habit of
of rigorous completion of homework:
– no matter what the weather is like;
– no matter what television programs are on;
– no matter whose birthday is celebrated.
Lessons must be done, and done well. There can be no excuse for not doing your homework. To develop this habit, you need parents to respect learning as an important and serious matter.
It is very important that the child sit down for lessons at the same hour.
Special studies have shown that a fixed time causes a state of predisposition to mental work, that is developed the installation.
In such a disposition, the child does not need to overcome himself, and thus; reduced to zero excruciating period of involvement in the work. If there is no constant class time, then the installation can not. work out, and will be formed view that the preparation of the lessons is not required, secondary importance.
The place of the work is also important. It must be permanent. No one should interfere with the pupil. It is also very important to study in a collected manner, at a good pace, without distractions.
Children have two reasons for distraction.
The first reason is a game. The child is drawn into the game unnoticed. The occasion can be a toy left behind.
The second occasion is business. He is looking for a pencil, a pen, a textbook. The more distractions, the more time is spent on homework. Therefore it is necessary to establish a clear order: ruler, pencil, pen – on the left; the textbook, notebook diary – on the right.
Younger students have a habit of doing their work half-heartedly. It seems not to be distracted, but thoughts flow lazily, constantly interrupting, coming back.
Very important is the pace of work. Those who work well are those who work quickly. Therefore, the child should be limited in time (put a clock).
If at first you are sitting next to a child, you should encourage him or her: “Take your time, baby. Look what a good letter you got. Try one more time to make it even better. This, of course, will help him in his hard work, even just make it more fun. If you get annoyed, if every mistake will make you mad, the child will hate these joint lessons. So be patient and do not be nervous. But if it was very badly done child, it is necessary that he remade it on a piece of paper and put it in a notebook, not for evaluation, and so the teacher saw that the child was trying, and with respect treated, to his work. One of the main tasks of “sitting” next to your son or daughter – to make sure that they are not distracted in any way during the work. And this can be achieved even by the most unruly child if the mom or dad sitting next to him or her politely and calmly brings him or her back to work.
Writing skills are the most difficult for our children. Here you can be reassured that in our age calligraphic writing is not the most important thing, and that if your child can speak, then, after all, let him write not so beautifully, and there is no need to torment him for that. It is important to teach him to write cleanly, observing the margins, without blots.
Again for educational reasons: a person should do everything beautifully, absolutely everything. Help your child in this with a kind word and your presence. And you will not regret the time spent: it will bear fruit.
The question arises, but when to leave the child alone with the lessons? It should be done as soon as possible, but not abruptly, and gradually. Prolong the process of this “sitting” is also harmful. Such children who do homework only with any of the adults, will never be able to do the task assigned to them.
With reasonable assistance and a control system, children get used to doing homework at the same time, and gradually learn to distribute time independently.
3. direction of the help – accustom them to independence.
When checking their homework don’t rush to point out mistakes, let the child find them by himself, don’t give ready answers to their questions. When doing homework, you should not substitute the schoolchildren in the work; children are taught to think and wait for hints. In this, children are very cunning and find ways to “make” them work for themselves.
Teach children to identify the learning task, that is, the child should clearly understand what skills and knowledge they need to master in order to be able to perform this or that task. Singling out the learning task each time on the example of just learned material, we contribute to the child learning to see it for himself/herself both in the new material, and in that which is still to be mastered. Therefore, helping schoolchildren, adults must not forget that the main thing is not to overcome some or other difficulties which have arisen today, but to show by the example of each particular case, how in general to overcome difficulties in learning, and to accustom children to more and more independence.
IV. Summing up.
Drawing up rules to follow when talking to your child.
1. Don’t interfere with what your child is doing, unless he is asking for help. You will be telling him by your non-interference: “You are all right! Of course you can do it!”
2. If the child is having a hard time and is willing to accept your help be sure to help him. In doing so:
– take over only what he can’t do himself, and leave the rest to be done by himself;
– As your child learns new activities, gradually transfer them to him.
3. Think aloud in front of your child, analyze and reason. Think together with your child, plan and discuss. Solve life situations. Teaching your own child to think is a parent’s primary responsibility!
V. Meeting Solution
1. To use the information you receive in your work with your child.
2. To use various popular developmental literature for organizing activities with children (to develop memory, thinking, attention, observation, imagination, etc.).