Relevance: At the present time in our country sports, both professional and amateur, began to develop very actively. Various, ways and means for the organization of active recreation and healthy lifestyles are offered.
Purpose of the study: To study rhythmic gymnastics as a sport, to investigate the attitude towards sport and the influence of gymnastics on the student, to prove that physical self-education and self-improvement are the conditions for a healthy lifestyle.
– To form the need for a healthy lifestyle;
– To form an idea of oneself;
– to develop motivation for gymnastics practice;
– To develop volitional qualities.
Object: rhythmic gymnastics.
Subject of the research: students’ idea of rhythmic gymnastics and their attitude towards it.
Hypothesis of my research: Gymnastics is not only a hobby, but also an interesting filled and full life.
Methods and techniques: sampling, quantitative analysis, comparison, referring to Internet sources, coach’s opinion, interviewing experienced gymnasts.
1.1 What is rhythmic gymnastics
One of the most spectacular and graceful sports for the audience is rightly considered rhythmic gymnastics, but for gymnasts it is hard and hard work. Despite the fact that it is a women’s sport, it has no fewer fans than any other. In the process of training are formed vital motor skills and abilities, acquired specialized knowledge, cultivated moral and strong-willed qualities. Rhythmic gymnastics teaches to follow the rules of aesthetic behavior, forms the concept of body beauty, develops taste and musicality.
An important place in rhythmic gymnastics is occupied by such art forms as dance and music. Musical accompaniment develops a musical ear, a sense of rhythm, and coordination of movements with music. They contribute to the development of movement coordination, danceability, rhythm, relaxation, emotionality, improvement of motor skills. Richness, variety and accessibility of exercises of rhythmic gymnastics, their effective impact on the body, entertainment attract different contingent involved in classes.
Russia – the birthplace of rhythmic gymnastics. It is our gift to the Olympic movement. As for the British – soccer, for Canadians – hockey, so for Russia rhythmic gymnastics – a matter of national pride.
2. Basic part
2.1 From its beginnings to the Olympic Games
The word “gymnastics” is of Greek origin. As far back as two and a half thousand years ago in Ancient Greece every young man had to do physical exercises to improve himself. And the young men practiced in the nude. And the word “naked” in Greek is “hymnos.” The French educator François Delsart is credited with developing the expressive movement skill. Studying dramatic art, he came to the following conclusion: every human experience is accompanied by certain body movements, and, consequently, by reproducing the movements it is possible to create an impression of experience in the viewer. Delsart created the “Grammar of the Artistic Gesture,” which began to be used in physical education, especially in the preparation of mass gymnastic performances performed with musical accompaniment. All the ideas and principles developed by Delsart were embodied in the art of the famous dancer Isadora Duncan. Her dances, improvisations based on free plastique movements, are reminiscent in many ways of modern rhythmic gymnastics. She also absorbed the former “aesthetic gymnastics”, where the expression of the human body was the main thing, and the “rhythmic gymnastics” of Emile Jacques Del Croz, where everything was subject to musical rhythm or sound accompaniment, and the “dance gymnastics” of Georges Deminy, where the danceability of movements dominated, and, of course, the “free plastics” of Isadora Duncan.
2.2 Pros and cons of doing gymnastics
2.2.1 Gymnastics for the young
The first steps in rhythmic gymnastics are desirable at a very young age – at 6-7 years or even earlier, because the child’s body is much more receptive to the development of flexibility, coordination and speed of movement. The main qualities of a gymnast are willpower, endurance, and plasticity. As a rule, already in 14-16 years old many athletes have to give up gymnastics or go to the sports ballet. Very few gymnasts continue their athletic careers until they are 20-22 years old.
More recently, rhythmic gymnastics has been transformed into aerobics and fitness, so many girls can continue their lives in the sport. In sports aerobics, most participants are from former gymnasts.
2.2.2 Rhythmic gymnastics is beauty
Rhythmic gymnastics teaches the rules of aesthetic behavior, forms the concepts of body beauty, educates taste, musicality.
Rhythmic gymnastics develops flexibility, agility, endurance, disciplines a person, improves his body, teaches them to move beautifully and gracefully, strengthens self-confidence, which is very important in today’s world.
Musical accompaniment develops a musical ear, a sense of rhythm, and coordination of movements with the music. Elements of dance broadens the general outlook of students, introduces them to folk art, develop their love for the art of their people, the peoples of the world. They contribute to the development of movement coordination, danceability, rhythm, freedom, emotionality, and improvement of motor skills.
The main qualities of a gymnast are willpower, endurance and plasticity.
Richness, diversity and accessibility of exercises of rhythmic gymnastics, their effective impact on the body, entertainment attract different contingent of people involved.
Compared with artistic gymnastics, rhythmic gymnastics is a more accessible and safe sport. However, very high requirements are imposed to the appearance of athletes.
At competitions, “artists” are required to look spectacular. Hair is arranged in a tight bun and secured with varnish, so that during the performance of the hair does not disintegrate. Sometimes the hair is sprinkled with sequins, to match the colorful swimsuits. Equally important is a beautiful swimsuit. This competitive outfit, you must inlaid with stones or rhinestones (such a tradition) for more brightness and looks. Now you can perform in a leotard with a skirt resembling a mini-dress, underneath tights in fishnets, with a pattern. On the feet only half slippers (no socks). If it is a demonstration, it can be not only swimsuits, but also costumes with additional accessories.
When gymnasts perform group exercises, they generally wear identical leotards, hairstyles and items of the same color.
2.2.3 The effect of rhythmic gymnastics on health
Regarding rhythmic gymnastics classes people often ask – isn’t it bad for their health? Doctors believe that calisthenics classes in general are very good for the young, developing body, because they impose “special requirements” on it.
Cardiovascular and respiratory systems during training actively work and develop. After all, the pulse rate of gymnasts when exercising rises to the maximum allowable values – 2 or more times the pulse rate of a sitting person. Because of this, the cardiovascular system of gymnasts functions at the highest level of activity in both the heart and vessels. This means that rhythmic gymnastics trains the cardiovascular system of the child and increases several times the efficiency of the respiratory system. The volume of air breathed in by gymnasts and normal people differs several times. While a normal person uses no more than half of their lung volume, forcing the body to constantly experience oxygen starvation, gymnasts breathe fully, their blood is maximally enriched with oxygen and actively nourishes the entire body.
The “epidemic” of various diseases that swept the world in the last 20 years due to the sedentary lifestyle of modern man, did not affect the gymnasts. Rhythmic gymnastics makes the heart pump blood through all vessels equally efficiently. In addition, it increases overall performance, strengthens the immune system and the body’s resistance to adverse conditions.
However, as in any sport, in rhythmic gymnastics, injuries are possible. It is logical that a person who regularly experiences physical activity has a greater risk of injury than someone who does not participate in sports. On average, statistics show that if you exercise three times a week for 2 hours, you are likely to be injured within 3.5 years. By comparison, this figure is 3 times less than in athletic gymnastics.
Most often injured lower extremities, namely the knee and ankle joints, due to the large number of complex jumps. But according to statistics, 97% of these injuries did not pose a real threat to the health of the athletes, resulting in missing no more than 7 sessions. Overall, rhythmic gymnastics can be classified as a relatively safe sport.
True, all this is not about professional sports, where intense hours of training, physical and emotional stress. As a result, the spine, knees, ankles suffer.
Being engaged in rhythmic gymnastics, I often have to fix my back with an elastic belt and my ankle with a bandage to alleviate pain, and bruises and abrasions are constant “guests” on my body.
And yet, I say to rhythmic gymnastics – YES, I choose this sport, and with it – harmony and beauty!
2.2.4 Rhythmic Gymnastics Club “Orbit
Young Syktyvkar girls are lucky. For more than 25 years there has been an rhythmic gymnastics club “Orbit” in our city. For over 25 years it has been one of the leading rhythmic gymnastics schools in our city. During its existence, it has trained 219 candidates for the master of sports and 46 masters of sports in rhythmic gymnastics. Currently, 325 students are engaged in rhythmic gymnastics in the club. Every year we release girls who have finished their training and then we start hiring little girls again, but every year about 300 young Syktyvkar girls have the opportunity to join the club.
My coach in rhythmic gymnastics – Neufeld Victoria Aleksandrovna, a coach of the highest category, works in the club of rhythmic gymnastics for over 25 years and has prepared 40 candidates for the master of sports and 9 masters of sports in rhythmic gymnastics. Victoria Alexandrovna has choreographic education, so all the compositions of her pupils are particularly harmonious, coordinated and plastic movements.
Rhythmic gymnastics for children – one of the most versatile and harmonious sports. Physical activity is accompanied by the development of flexibility, a sense of rhythm (as the gymnasts perform to the music), coordination and plastics. The gymnasts always have a beautiful and proud posture, a beautiful figure, beautiful and malleable movements. And this is very important for girls, and for the women they will grow into. A girl who was involved in rhythmic gymnastics, after can easily go to dance, aerobics, to coach. And also in rhythmic gymnastics children get a unique ability to present themselves, as perhaps in all spectacular sports. A smile, the turn of the shoulders, the tilt of the head, every gesture – everything is aligned, beautiful, confident. And even if the girl will not go the way of competition and fame, these skills and abilities will stay with her for life, and you should agree that this is not a little.
1. Rhythmic gymnastics for children – one of the most versatile and harmonious sports.
2. Physical activity here is accompanied by the development of flexibility, a sense of rhythm, coordination of movements and plastics.
3. The gymnasts always have a beautiful proud posture, a beautiful figure, plastic, beautiful movements. And this is very important for girls, and for the women they will grow into.
4. A girl, who was engaged in rhythmic gymnastics, after can easily move to engage in dancing, aerobics, to coach. And also in rhythmic gymnastics children gain a unique ability to present themselves, as perhaps in all spectacular sports. A smile, a turn of the shoulders, a tilt of the head, every gesture – everything here is verified, beautiful, and confident.