Explanatory note for the teacher.
The test tasks are designed in accordance with the content of the mandatory minimum of the basic educational programs for Life Safety and the requirements for the level of training of 8th grade students. The level of their complexity is defined in such a way, that a participant could spend not more than 90 minutes for solving all tasks.
The tasks for the theoretical round of the District Olympiad consist of three blocks:
– Part A (at least 20 questions), in which a student has to choose one correct answer out of four offered. Each correct answer is 1 point, no answer or an incorrect answer 0 points.
– Part B (3 situations) are situational tasks, defining procedures for safe human behavior in various hazardous and emergency situations. Each task contains five recommendations for safe behavior with gaps in the text. The student must fill in the missing words (phrases). The main thing is to convey the meaning that corresponds to safe human action in a particular dangerous and emergency situation. Score 1 point for each correct word (phrase) inserted, for a total of 5 points for 1 situation.
– Part C (2 tasks). Students must answer the questions in writing. Each correct answer to each task will be awarded 1 point.
Thus, if you answer all of the questions correctly, your total score will be 1 point:
– Part A of 20 tasks – 20 points
– Part B of 3 tasks – 15 points
– Part C of 2 tasks – 15 points
You will receive a total of 50 points for answering 25 questions.
Part A exercises.
Circle the number of one correct answer for the multiple-choice questions.
I. RULES OF FIRE SAFETY AND BEHAVIOR IN CASE OF FIRE.
1. What is a fire?
1. A chemical oxidation reaction, accompanied by glowing lights and the release of large amounts of heat.
2. Uncontrolled, spontaneous combustion, causing material damage, harm to human life and health,
3. A particular case of combustion, occurring instantaneously, with a brief release of considerable heat and light.
4. The ignition of flammable materials.
2. A fire in the stairwell ignited the front door to your apartment. The fire has cut off your way out. What will you do?
1. Retire to a distant room, covering the front door tightly with a wet blanket.
2. Try to break down the door and jump out onto the landing.
3.Start screaming and calling for help from your neighbors.
4. Hide in the bathroom.
3. How should you leave a heavily smoky apartment?
1. Move at full height.
2. Walk or run fast.
3. move at full height with a wet cloth over your head.
4. Move crawling or crouching low to the floor.
4. A fire broke out in the passenger compartment of a bus while you were driving. What are your actions?
1. Without warning the driver, try to put out the fire with a fire extinguisher or cover the seat of fire with your outer clothing.
2. Break the side window of the vehicle.
3. After warning the driver, try, if possible, to put out the fire with a fire extinguisher, if there is one in the passenger compartment, or cover the seat of fire with your outer clothing.
4. Take a seat in the passenger compartment away from the seat of the fire.
1. Is it okay to ride a moped on the highway?
1. Yes, on any model.
3. Yes, if the group is at least 5 people.
4. Yes, if its technical speed is more than 40 km/h.
2. Which persons are allowed to drive a moped when driving on the roads?
1. At least 14 years old.
2. At least 15 years of age.
3. At least 16 years of age.
4. At least 18 years of age.
3. May a pedestrian move on the roadway?
2. Yes, if it interferes with other pedestrians on the sidewalk.
4. Yes, if there is no traffic on the roadway.
4.In what case it is allowed to cross the road without crossing?
1 Only if there are no barriers and no moving traffic.
2 Only if there is sufficient visibility in both directions and there is no crossing or intersection in the sight distance.
3 You cannot cross the road outside of a crosswalk.
4 When there is no nearby vehicle.
III.ENSURING SAFETY DURING ACTIVE RECREATION IN THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT.
1. When going for a hike, it is necessary to choose clothes. What should she be?
1. First of all waterproof.
2. Monochrome or camouflage material.
3 Of synthetic material.
4 Loose and in several layers, clean and dry.
2. Find an error in the list of summer camp site requirements.
1 The presence of a flat area.
2 The presence of a beautiful view.
3 The presence of water.
4 Availability of cell phones.
3. While hiking through a forest, you feel that you are lost. What do you need to do?
1 Immediately start moving in the opposite direction.
2 Climb the tallest tree and try to determine your direction.
3 Shout loudly and call for help.
4. Stop moving and use a compass or natural signs to get your bearings. 4.
4.While hiking in winter, a person froze his hand. What should I do?
1 Rub his hand with snow.
2 Rub the hand with a soft woolen cloth.
3 Warm your hand with your own heat.
4. Warm your hand by the fire.
IV.ENSURING SAFETY IN NATURAL EMERGENCIES
1. The main causes of earthquakes are:
1. Wave oscillations in rock formations.
2 Construction of large reservoirs in areas of tectonic faults.
3 Shift in the rocks of the earth’s crust, a fault along which one rock mass rubs against another with enormous force.
4 Volcanic manifestations in the Earth’s crust.
2. Identify the safest place during a hurricane if you are inside a building:
3 Upper floors of the building.
4 The lower floors of the building.
3.An involuntary self-evacuation during a flash flood should be initiated when the water:
1. has flooded the basement of the building you are in.
2. has flooded the first floor of the room you are in.
3. has reached your occupancy level and poses a real threat to your life.
4. began to rise sharply.
4. Breaking off and catastrophic falling of large masses of rocks, their overturning, crushing and rolling on steep and precipitous slopes is 1:
V.THE BASICS OF MEDICAL KNOWLEDGE AND FIRST AID.
1. How should a splint be applied to fractures?
1 Above and below the fracture to keep the wound sterile.
2 On the site of the fracture.
3 Above the fracture, closing the wound
4 Below the fracture.
2. The maximum tourniquet time in summer time should not exceed:
1. 1.5 hours.
2. 2 hours.
3. 1 hour.
4. 30 minutes.
3.What is the first thing to do in case of external bleeding?
1 Apply a dry sterile dressing to the wound.
2 Treat the area around the wound.
3 Apply a pressure dressing or a tourniquet.
4 Treat the wound with iodine.
4.What is the first thing to do when a snake bite occurs?
1 Squeeze out part of the venom with the blood and administer serum if available.
2 Apply a tourniquet.
3 Cauterize with manganese powder.
4 Treat the bite with iodine.
Part B Assignments
This part includes tasks that require you to complete the information correctly. 1.
If an explosion occurs in a building as the result of a terrorist attack, try to keep yourself safe. 1:
1.1 Try to calm down and clarify the situation. Proceed cautiously, do not touch ____________________________________________.
1.2 Do not use _____________________________ in destroyed or damaged rooms because of the risk of explosion of accumulated gases. If the room is smoky, protect your respiratory organs with a moistened handkerchief (cloth, towel).
1.3 If it is necessary to evacuate, take the necessary items of clothing, money and documents. If it is not possible to evacuate, it is necessary to take measures and make yourself known. For this purpose it is necessary to ______________________________.
1.4 Move away from the house at a distance of _____________________________ when leaving the house.
1.5 Act in strict accordance with _______________________________________________________.
2. Rules for working at the computer:
1.1. In accordance with the established norms, the continuous duration of school work should not exceed ______ minutes.
1.2 It is recommended to perform _________________________________ after each extended computer activity.
1.3 Make sure that the monitor’s position corresponds to the direction _______________________________________________.
1.4 Position the keyboard so that you do not have to _______________________________________________________________.
1.5 Do not position the screen so that it faces ________________________________________________________________.
3.Taking care of your feet while hiking:
1.1. To avoid chafing your feet while hiking, you should ______________________________________.
1.2 When hiking it is advisable to use _______________________________, which should be washed every day.
1.3 Boots and other leather shoes should be worn as needed ___________________________________________________________________.
1.4 Do not dry your shoes by the fire, as the leather of the shoes from this ________________________ and will rub your feet.
1.5 To dry your shoes overnight they can be packed tightly ______________________________________________. By morning they will be dry.
The tasks of part C.
1. There was a major fire on the 1st floor of a building in a school. State five basic rules you must know and follow to save yourself in a fire.
2. First aid for various wounds.
Part A assignments.
I. RULES OF FIRE SAFETY AND CONDUCT IN CASE OF FIRE.
III. ENSURING SAFETY DURING ACTIVE RECREATION IN A NATURAL ENVIRONMENT.
IV. SECURITY IN EMERGENCY SITUATIONS OF NATURAL CHARACTER
V. BASICS OF MEDICAL KNOWLEDGE AND FIRST AID
Part B assignments
1.1. … damaged structures and wires with your hands.
1.2. … with an open flame (matches).
1.3. … go to the balcony or open a window and call for help.
1.4. … safe…
1.5. … officials.
1.1. … 25 min.
1.2. … certain physical activities.
1.3. … stare.
1.4. … did not have to reach far.
1.5. … it was facing toward the window.
1.1. … keep an eye on the condition of the shoes.
1.2…. wool or cotton socks.
1.3…. dry and lubricate.
1.4…. harden and lose flexibility.
1.5…. dry hay, moss, or ears of wild cereals.
Part C assignments
– don’t panic.
– Cover your mouth and nose with a wet cloth.
– Keep your feet to the ground
– Do not move near fireplaces
– Do not move around areas where there is a lot of smoke.
– Listen carefully to instructions from the teacher.
– Rinse with boiled water (hydrogen peroxide, manganese solution, urine)
– Treat the wound with a solution of iodine, greenish vera, an alcoholic liquid
– in case of heavy bleeding, stop the bleeding using any methods you know how
– apply a sterile or compression bandage
– apply cold to bruises, sprains
– rest the injured part of your body
– seek medical attention if necessary (call an ambulance)
– apply a tourniquet or tourniquet over the wound (on a cloth, write a note with the time)
– Give an anesthetic
– elevate the injured limb
– flex the limb as much as possible
– pinch the appropriate arterial vessel with your fingers