- A computer is:
a) a device for working with texts;
b) an electronic computing device for processing numbers;
c) a device for storing information of any kind;
d) a multifunctional electronic device for working with information;
- Which device in a computer is used to process information?
a) a “mouse” manipulator
d) main memory
- The speed of a computer depends on:
a) the clock frequency of information processing in the processor;
b) the presence or absence of a connected printer;
c) the size of an external storage device;
d) amount of information being processed.
- the processor clock frequency is:
a) the number of binary operations performed by the processor per unit of time;
b) The number of pulses produced per second that synchronize the operation of computer nodes;
c) number of possible references of the processor to the operating memory in a unit of time;
d) information exchange speed between the processor and ROM.
- The amount of RAM determines:
a) how much information can be stored on the hard disk .
b) how much information can be processed without accessing the hard disk.
c) how much information can be printed.
- Specify the most complete list of basic devices:
a) microprocessor, coprocessor, monitor;
b) CPU, RAM, input/output devices;
c) monitor, hard disk drive, printer;
d) ALU, CPU, coprocessor;
- The trunk-modular principle of architecture of modern personal computers implies that its hardware components are logically organized in such a way that:
a) each device communicates with others directly;
b) each device communicates with the others directly, and also via one central backbone
c) they all communicate with each other through a backbone that includes data, address and control buses;
d) communicate with each other in a certain fixed sequence (ring);
- Name the devices that make up a processor:
a) an operational memory device, a printer;
b) arithmetic-logic device, control device;
c) cache-memory, video-memory;
d) scanner, ROM;
- A processor processes information:
a) in decimal number system
b) binary code
c) in a textual form.
- A permanent storage device is used to:
a) storing the computer’s initial boot programs and testing its nodes;
b) storage of user’s program during work;
c) recording of especially valuable application programs;
d) storage of constantly used programs;
- At runtime, the application program is stored:
a) in the video memory;
b) in the processor;
c) in the main memory;
d) on a hard disk;
- Machine functionality can be divided into:
a) discrete and independent
b) hardware and software
c) efficient and inefficient
d) basic and additional.
- A personal computer will not function if you disable:
a) the disk drive;
b) the RAM;
c) the mouse;
d) the printer;
- For long-term storage of information is used:
c) an external storage device;
d) a disk drive;
- The process of storing information on external media is fundamentally different from the process of storing information in RAM:
a) the fact that information can be stored on external media after the computer has been powered down;
b) the volume of stored information;
c) different speed of access to the stored information;
d) ways of access to the stored information.
- When a computer is turned off, the information:
a) disappears from RAM;
b) disappears from a permanent storage device;
c) is erased on the “hard disk”;
d) is erased on the magnetic disk;
- Which device has the fastest information exchange rate?
a) CD-ROM disk drive
b) hard drive
c) floppy disk drive
d) an RAM chip
- Which of the following devices is designed for information input:
a) a processor;
b) a printer;
- A mouse manipulator is a device for:
a) modulation and demodulation;
b) information readout; c) information long-term storage; d) keyboard; e) mouse is a device of modulation and demodulation;
c) long-term storage of information;
d) information input;
- To connect a computer to the telephone network is used:
a) a modem;
b) fax machine;
- Which list of devices can make up a working personal computer?
a) processor, monitor, keyboard.
b) processor, RAM, monitor, keyboard.
c) hard drive, monitor, mouse.
- External memory does not include:
- The monitor is controlled by:
b) Sound card;
c) Video card;
- A program is…
a) processed information presented in computer memory in a special form;
b) an electronic circuit that controls the operation of an external device;
c) a description of the sequence of actions to be performed by a computer to solve a given data processing task;
- A compact disk designed to repeatedly record new information is called:
- The structure of a computer is:
a) A set of electronic tools that process information
b) a certain model, which establishes the composition, order, and principles of interconnection of its constituent components
c) a complex of software and hardware tools
- A microprocessor is designed to:
a) Computer control and data processing
b) information input in a PC and outputting it to a printer
c) text data processing
- Forms and feeds specific control signals to all units is:
a) control device
b) microprocessor memory
c) arithmetic logic device
- ROM serves to:
a) to store and read information
b) for long-term information storage
c) to store the permanent program information
- What groups of keys does the keyboard have?
a) alphabetic and text keys
b) alphabetic and numeric keys
c) function and control keys
d) alphanumeric, functional, and control keys.
31.What are some common types of printers you know?
a) Matrix printers, ink-jet printers, laser printers
b) laser, inkjet
c) matrix, inkjet.
- The basic technical means of a PC include:
a) mouse, scanner, keyboard, monitor
b) the system unit, the monitor, the mouse, the joystick
c) mouse, scanner, modem, and system unit
d) system unit, monitor, keyboard and mouse.
- What is included in the system unit?
a) hard and floppy magnetic disks
c) hard and floppy disks, motherboard, CD-ROM
- What goes into a microprocessor?
a) ROM, RAM
b) ROM, ROM, ROM
c) ALU, MSP, ROM
d) ALU, MPP, ROM
- What are the three main classes of software?
a) system software, application software, programming systems.
b) operating systems, drivers
c) programming systems, and applications.
- Where is an operating system stored?
a) in external memory on a disk.
b) in RAM
- System software is designed to:
a) to solve day-to-day information processing tasks
b) for operation and maintenance of PC, management and organization of computing process
c) for development and operation of programs in a particular programming language.
- What are drivers for?
a) expand and supplement the corresponding capabilities of the operating system
b) allow you to write information more densely
c) connect new devices to the computer or use the existing ones non-standardly
- Archivers allow you to:
a) record information more densely, and combine copies of several files into a single archive file.
b) prevent infection by computer viruses.
c) organize the exchange of information between computers.
Key to the test